Medical Dermatology

Ethnic Skin Care

Multi-ethnic skin or skin of color (SOC) may have some advantages due to the increased amounts of melanin pigment in the skin. This pigment helps to protect the skin against the sun and prolong the aging process. However, SOC can also be prone to keloids/ abnormal scarring and dark spots/ patches as a result of rashes, acne, melasma, ingrown hairs. At Bergen Dermatology we are sensitive to the skin issues of all skin types.

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Melanoma Skin Cancer

Melanoma's are a type of skin cancer that can spread rather quickly and be fatal. These lesions are either black or brown, but they can also be skin-colored or pink/red. Melanoma is caused mainly by intense, occasional UV exposure, especially in those who are genetically predisposed to the disease. Annual skin exams are recommended and sun protection should be worn daily to sun exposed areas.

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Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a benign skin condition that causes a loss of pigmentation in the skin resulting in light or white patches. It occurs when the cells that give the skin its color or pigment are destroyed. Lesions of vitiligo can occur anywhere on the body, but are most notable on the face, hands, and genitalia. There is no known cure for the disease; however, there are several treatments which can improve the appearance of the light spots.

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Skin Cancer

Basal cell and Squamous cell cancers are referred to as non-melanoma skin cancer. Risk factors include excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun or tanning booths. They typically occur on sun-exposed areas of the skin and tend to be more common in individuals with fair skin. This form of cancer can appear as a non-healing ulcer. Annual skin exams are recommended and sun protection should be worn daily to sun exposed areas.

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Lipomas

Lipomas are generally benign growths of the skin made of fatty tissue. They appear as soft, easily movable noncancerous tumors under the skin and are slow-growing. They can be found anywhere on the body and can range in size. Treatment is usually not needed, unless they grow rapidly or produce pain.

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Skin Tags

Skin tags (acrocordons) are acquired benign growths of the skin. They occur more commonly in obese individuals. Skin tags appear as small soft pieces of hanging skin with a stalk. They can be found anywhere on the body, but are seen frequently on the eyelids, neck, armpits, and groin. Removal is generally not required, unless they become irritated. If you need or desire removal of your skin tag (s).

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Patch Testing (For Allergic Skin Rashes)

Patch testing is a method used to identify whether a particular substance produces an allergic skin rash (contact dermatitis). During the patch test, a number of common allergy producing chemicals are placed on the skin and the skin is monitored over the course of a few days. If you have concerns about a possible skin allergy, please contact our office for a consultation.

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Molluscum

Molluscum is a common virus that affects children. However, when it affects adults it is considered a sexually transmitted disease. This virus is contagious and can be treated by various methods. A consultation is imperative to discuss treatment options.

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Warts

Warts are infections of the skin. Warts are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus and there about 100 different types. This virus is contagious and an evaluation is necessary to discuss treatment options.

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Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic condition that occurs usually on the elbow and knees. However, there are atypical presentations of psoriasis. Depending on the extent of the disease, it can be treated with topical medications, phototherapy or systemic medications.

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Hyperhidrosis (Excessive Sweating)

Hyperhidrosis is a condition where patients sweat excessively even at fairly comfortable temperatures. The excessive sweat can occur in the armpits, palms/soles and even the face. There are various causes of this condition and several treatment options are available.

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Alopecia

Hair Loss (Alopecia) can be experienced at any age, gender and ethnicity. Hair loss can be caused by several different factors such as trauma, a medical condition, or it can be induced by certain medications. Our New Jersey Dermatologist also understands the emotional distress that hair loss conditions can cause. It is best to call for an evaluation to discuss the reason for the hair loss and possible treatment options.

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Melasma

Melasma is a common skin condition where brown patches commonly appear on the cheeks, forehead and above the lip. It is usually seen in women especially after pregnancy. There are various treatment options, but the key is sun protection.

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Eczema/Dry Skin

Eczema is a chronic disorder that results in a rash in distinctive areas depending on the age of the individual. The rash is extremely itchy and can potentially cause an infection. Depending on the age and the chronicity of the disorder, it is best treated by a gentle skin care routine, topical steroid and at times an oral medication. It is best to discuss all of the aforementioned during a consultation.

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Rosacea

Rosacea (pronounced roh-ZAY-sha) is a common condition where patients develop redness over the cheeks and some may have acne-like lesions as well. There is no cause for rosacea, but there are several triggers and it is usually a chronic condition. There are various medical and cosmetic treatment options.

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Cysts

Cysts (sebaceous or epidermoid cyst) are common benign growths that can appear anywhere on the body. Cysts have a tendency to be mobile, firm and vary in size. At times, a cheesy and smelly substance can emanate from it when pressure is applied. Treatment is not usually warranted, but it can be surgically removed.

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Acne

Acne can occur at any age, but it is commonly seen in young adults. The psychosocial effects are numerous and can have a major impact on one's outlook on life. The good news is that proper treatment can dramatically improve one's skin. The pictures below are after two months of prescription medications along with the Radiant Complexion System.

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